Reported to Law Enforcement
An official action was taken by a School Resource Officer (SRO) or a local Law Enforcement Officer such as: a case number was assigned, a report was filed, a civil citation was issued, an affidavit was filed, an investigation was conducted and found to be an incident reportable to SESIR, or an arrest was made. The presence of, notification of, or consultation with a Law Enforcement Officer or SRO, is not sufficient for an incident to be coded as "Reported to Law Enforcement."
The data element is broken down into three separate codes as follows:
- Code C - Consultation with law enforcement –School district personnel consulted with a School Resource Office (SRO) or local Law Enforcement Officer regarding the incident pursuant to the provisions of s. 1006.13, F.S., but no official action was taken.
- Code N - No – The incident is not a threat to school safety and is a petty act of misconduct as defined by school board policy and is consistent with the agreement with the county sheriff’s office and local police department for determining which incidents are reported to law enforcement.
- Code Y - Yes - The incident was reported or referred to law enforcement by school district personnel, pursuant to the provisions of s. 1006.13, F.S. This means an official action was taken by a School Resource Officer (SRO) or local Law Enforcement Officer such as: a case number was assigned, a report was filed, an affidavit was filed, an investigation was conducted and found to be an incident reportable to SESIR, an arrest was made, or the student was referred by the officer to a civil citation or similar prearrest diversion program authorized by s. 985.12, F.S.
- An arrest.
- A civil citation (such as a juvenile citation).
- A police report was filed.
- An affidavit (sworn statement) was filed.
- Assignment of a case number by the law enforcement agency.
In 2010, the “Reported to Law Enforcement (PDF)” data element was updated to include a code for “consultation” with law enforcement. This code is used to identify incidents where law enforcement was involved, but where no official action was taken. Prior to the 2020-21 school year, five SESIR incidents were required to be “Reported to Law Enforcement (PDF)”. Now school board's zero tolerance policies determine which incidents require “consultation” with law enforcement and which incidents require an “official action” by law enforcement.
Our School Resource Officers are issuing “juvenile citations” in lieu of arrest in some cases. The student is diverted to teen court and if they comply with the terms then they have no arrest record. Does this type of action constitute “Reported to Law Enforcement (PDF)”? Is this an official action? It is technically not an arrest.
- Issuing juvenile citations does constitute Reporting to Law Enforcement in SESIR. Civil citations are just another method to divert a student from the juvenile justice system. The student must accept responsibility for his/her actions in order to receive a juvenile civil citation. The officer conducts a complete investigation and generates a police report in order to issue a civil citation.
Office of Safe Schools
325 West Gaines Street, Room 1302
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0400