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Supplemental Educational Services - General

1. What are supplemental educational services?
    According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, supplemental educational services are free tutoring and other supplemental academic enrichment services that are in addition to instruction provided during the school day. These services must be of high quality, research based, and specifically designed to increase a student‘s academic achievement on the state’s academic assessments toward proficiency in meeting the state’s achievement standards.

2. Why are supplemental educational services important?

Supplemental educational services provide low-income families the opportunity to choose free tutoring services for their children. The program offers children who may be struggling in school an opportunity to obtain extra academic help and individual instruction to be successful.

Studies suggest that academically-based programs offered outside the school day can help students improve their achievement and work habits. Tutoring can help children improve achievement by building on the learning that takes place during the school day. Students at risk of academic failure have the most to gain from tutoring programs. Some of these students may not be successful in traditional classrooms and may be able to learn in different ways through tutoring. By helping individual students improve, supplemental educational services support teachers’ and principals’ efforts to improve their schools.

3. Which schools must offer supplemental educational services or free tutoring?
    Title I public schools that fail to meet adequate yearly progress toward meeting state academic standards for three or more consecutive years must offer supplemental educational services to eligible students.

4. What is adequate yearly progress (AYP)?
    Through statewide testing, adequate yearly progress measures the yearly progress of different groups of students at the school, district, and state levels against a yearly target in reading and mathematics.

5. Who is eligible to receive supplemental services?
    Eligible students are all students from low-income families who attend Title I schools that are in their second year of school improvement, corrective action, or restructuring. If funds are insufficient to provide services to each eligible student whose parents request services, priority must be given to providing services to the lowest-achieving eligible students. School districts must use objective criteria to determine the lowest-achieving students. For example, the school district might focus services on the lowest-achieving eligible students in the subject area (reading or mathematics) that caused the school to be identified as in need of improvement.

6. Who pays for supplemental educational services?
    Supplemental educational services are free tutoring services for eligible students paid for by the school district. A school district must spend an amount equal to 20% of its Title I, Part A funds on public school choice options for parents. An amount equal to 5% of its Title I allocation must be spent to pay for choice with transportation; an amount equal to 5% of its allocation must be spent for supplemental educational services; and an amount equal to the remaining 10% must be spent on choice with transportation, supplemental educational services, or both, as determined by the school district.

7. How long must supplemental educational services be offered to students?
    The school district must provide supplemental educational services to students until the end of the school year in which such services were first received The district is required to offer services to eligible students on an annual basis until the Title I school in which the student is enrolled makes adequate yearly progress for two consecutive years.