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National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

Florida National Assessment of Educational Prgress (NAEP)

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). The exact wording of the legislation can be found in Public Law 107-110 Title I Part A, section 1111 at Additional information is posted at

NCLB accountability components include the following requirements for states:

  • Establish a set of goals for educational improvement, along with a set of state designed and administered tests for measuring performance towards those goals.
  • All students, including students with disabilities and English language learners, are required to participate in the state assessments.
  • Monitor student performance on state designated assessments in reading and mathematics.
  • Include participation data from the state tests in a state accountability workbook.
  • Use the data and other indicators, such as graduation rate, to evaluate if a state has closed the achievement gap.
  • Any state that wishes to receive a Title I grant must submit a state plan to the U.S. Secretary of Education that includes an assurance that the state will participate in the biennial state-level NAEP in reading and mathematics at grades 4 and 8.

With the passage of NCLB, the role of NAEP as a national assessment changed in a number of ways beginning in 2003.

  • NAEP reading and mathematics assessments would be used as national indicators of student achievement at grades 4, 8, and 12.
  • The federal government would pay for the administration of all state NAEAP assessments.
  • To receive Title 1 funding, states are required to participate in biennially NAEP assessments in reading and mathematics in grades 4 and 8.
  • School districts receiving Title 1 funding must participate in the state NAEP years, and the sampled schools in those districts must participate.
  • NCLB established specific requirements and procedures for parental notification, for providing access to secure NAEP items, and for handling questions and complaints.
  • NCLB empowered the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to provide funding to states in order to support the employment of a NAEP State Coordinator (NSC) who assists with the implementation of the enhanced NAEP program.
  • NSCs are responsible for preparing their state’s reports, which are tailored to the specific needs of the state. NCES continues to prepare and distribute reports of the overall national and state performance.
  • There will be no rewards or sanctions to states, local education agencies, or schools based on state NAEP results.
  • Participation in NAEP is not a substitute for a state’s own assessment of its students in grades 3–8, as required by NCLB.

Local education agencies that receive a Title I subgrant must include an assurance in their Title I plans they submit to the state; they must assure that they will participate in biennial state NAEP assessments in grades 4 and 8 reading and mathematics, if they are selected for the NAEP sample. Federal Title I program officials have determined that, in order for the district to fulfill its obligation to participate in NAEP, all sampled schools in the district must participate—regardless of whether or not the individual school receives Title I funding. Participation in other NAEP assessments is voluntary for schools and local education agencies, unless the state has mandated their participation. Participation in NAEP is voluntary for students.

Florida’s NCLB Accountability Workbook includes the following chart showing the relationship between NAEP and FCAT achievement levels:

FCAT 2.0 Achievement Levels NAEP Achievement Standards
5 Advanced
4 Proficient
3 Basic
1-2 Below Basic

Florida’s NCLB Accountability Workbook is posted at


The NAEP contact for the state of Florida is Michele Sonnenfeld. She can be contacted by email at or by telephone at 850-245-0513.